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Mwabvu, T. (2017). Descriptions of movement and burrow morphology of a tropical millipede, Spirostreptus heros Porat, 1872 (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Spirostreptidae) in the Kalahari desert, South Africa. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 5(3): 327-329.
364921
Mwabvu, T.
2017
Descriptions of movement and burrow morphology of a tropical millipede, Spirostreptus heros Porat, 1872 (Diplopoda: Spirostreptida: Spirostreptidae) in the Kalahari desert, South Africa
Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies
5(3): 327-329
Publication
Despite their large body size and high abundance, the Spirostreptidae are amongst the poorly studied invertebrate groups in southern Africa. Field observations of behaviour, such as movement and burrowing are uncommon. As such, field observations of walking speed, movement patterns and burrow shape of Spirostreptus heros Porat, 1872 were made. Surface type and vegetation cover influenced the speed and pattern of walking in S. heros. Walking speed ranged from 0.66 to 2.38 m/min on loose and compact sand without vegetation, and on surfaces with vegetation. Walking speed was significantly different among the three surface types (p < 0.005), but not between sexes. Inferences are made on the adaptive significance of walking fast in a harsh environment. Additionally, the golf club-shape or J-shape and depth (mean 22.71 cm) of burrows of S. heros are herein described for the first time.
South Africa
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2019-12-23 08:00:26Z
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